Symptoms and causes for Lower Back Pain

Posted by admin on 14th May 2021

Symptoms and causes for Lower Back Pain

If you ever had lower back pain, you are not alone. Most people experience it in their 30s. Additional attacks will increase with age. In fact, back pain is one of most common reasons people see a doctor or miss days at work.

The low back a.k.a. the lumbar region is situated below the ribcage. Pain in this area can begin suddenly as a result of an accident or by lifting something heavy, or it develops over time, as we age. It can manifest itself as a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp or shooting pain.

There are two types of back pain: acute or chronic. The short-term back pain that comes on suddenly is called acute and it can last from a few days to a few weeks. Most low back pain is acute. It tends to disappear within a few days with self-care and there is no residual loss of function.

When pain lasts for more than 12 weeks or longer it is a case of chronic pain. Almost 20 % of people that are affected by acute low back pain can develop chronic low back pain with persistent symptoms at one year.

When should you consult a doctor:

  • Whenever your back pain lasts more that 72 hours.
  • If you have back pain with bowel or bladder control problems.
  • When your back pain comes with weakened legs or fever
  • If your feel lower back pain whenever you cough or pee.

Sciatica is a medical term for pain caused by the damaging of the sciatic nerve that runs from the back, down your legs. The pain can be felt anywhere in the lower body, such as the back, buttock, thigh, or leg – depending on location of the impingement on the sciatic nerve.

Sciatic pain is usually caused by a problem with one of the soft discs that separate and cushion the vertebrae bones in your spine. When one or more of these discs slip, bulge out, or rupture, they can impinge or irritate the sciatic nerve. But when the pain is caused by heavy lifting or vigorous exercise it is a muscle strain rather than sciatica.

Here are the main culprits for that lower back pain

Your daily work: Many occupations, such as nursing, construction and factory work, can place significant demands on your back. Even routine office work can cause or worsen back pain, especially if your chair is uncomfortable or if you tend to slouch.

Your workout: If you tend to be inactive during the workweek and then spend hours at the gym on the weekend, you might be in for some pain. Acute back pain that occurs abruptly while or immediately after exercising is usually a sign of an injury.

Your posture: Unsupported postures cause the loads on your spine to disperse incorrectly, weakening the tissues in your lower back. The muscles, discs, and joints in your back tend to be pushed beyond their tolerable limit, when your posture is wrong. When moms were saying "Stand up straight!" they were right.

Herniated Disk: Spinal discs play a crucial role in the lower back, serving as shock absorbers between the vertebrae, supporting the upper body, and allowing a wide range of movement in all directions. If a disc herniates and leaks some of its inner material, though, the disc can quickly go from easing daily life to aggravating a nerve, triggering back pain and possibly pain and nerve symptoms down the leg.

Your luggage: When you put a strap across one shoulder that bears a heavy load, all of the muscles that connect your shoulder blade to your spine strain to hold that weight up. Your lower back supports your upper body, including any additional weight you carry, especially if you carry it day after day.

Your weight: The lower back is particularly vulnerable to weight-related pressure. According to the American Obesity Association, back pain affects nearly one-third of people classified as obese. When your body carries extra weight around the midsection that weight pulls your pelvis forward causing back pain.

What can you do to ease the pain?

Studies suggest that any more than a day or two of bed rest can actually make the pain worse and may reduce muscle tone and flexibility. So it is better to return to your normal activities as soon as possible while including some yoga stretches, some massage and some physical therapy before going for medication, injections and even surgery.